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How to Pass the LNAT Exam in {YEAR}

How to Pass the LNAT Exam in 2024

What Is the LNAT?

The Law National Aptitude Test (LNAT) is a national admissions test for law used alongside the usual UCAS application system to test a candidate’s reasoning skills and general comprehension, skills that are essential for studying and practising law.

This forms part of applying for undergraduate law courses.

It is taken at a test centre with the results shared electronically with universities.

Created in 2004, it is administered by Pearson VUE and is compulsory for those applying to study an LLB course at the associated universities (see below).

What Does the LNAT Measure?

The LNAT is not a measure of legal knowledge or even an intelligence test. It is an assessment of aptitude for reading comprehension and logical reasoning.

During a law degree, every law student will need to read and understand a vast number of dense texts – so being able to identify arguments, look for fallacies and misinformation and make logical deductions is a key skill to be a successful student.

For the universities that require the LNAT as part of the application process, demonstrating these learning abilities and personal qualities makes it easier for them to accept your application.

What Universities Require the LNAT?

UK Universities:

  • University of Oxford
  • King's College London
  • LSE London School of Economics and Politics
  • UCL Faculty of Laws
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Bristol
  • Durham University
  • University of Nottingham
  • SOAS

Non-UK Universities:

  • SUSS Singapore University of Social Sciences – Singapore
  • IE School of Law – Spain

What Does the LNAT Cost?

The cost of the LNAT is set according to the location of the test centre.

In the UK/EU the cost is £50 and for non-EU test centres, the cost is £70.

Payment can be made online using a credit or debit card, and a bursary can be offered to students in receipt of certain benefits to help offset the cost.

Where Can I Take the LNAT Test?

The current application cycle for Autumn 2021 entry to university is open now.

The dates for 2021 are:

  • 1st August 2020: UCAS registration and LNAT registration opens
  • 1st September 2020: LNAT testing starts
  • Mid-Sept 2020: UCAS applications to be submitted

For University of Oxford applications, the LNAT must be taken before the 15th October 2020 and the UCAS application needs to be submitted before this date.

For other universities, the LNAT test must be booked before the 15th January 2021 and UCAS form must be submitted on or before this date.

The LNAT must be taken on or before the 20th January 2021, apart from LSE and UCL who have a final test date of the 29th January 2021, and the University of Bristol and University of Nottingham which has a final date of 26th February 2021.

Late applications are only usually considered for international applicants, but each university has a separate procedure for the late results.

For other years, the exact dates can be checked on the LNAT website here but the broad timetable is:

  • Early August – LNAT registration opens
  • Early September – LNAT testing starts
  • Mid-January – Tests must be booked
  • Mid-Late January – Tests must be completed

Registering for the LNAT

Where Do I Register for the LNAT?

To register for the LNAT, you must set up an online account with Pearson VUE via the LNAT website and then you can book and pay for the test.

You will need your UCAS identifier to complete the application.

Can I Register for the LNAT before I Send My UCAS Application?

Yes – If you are applying for a place at one of the LNAT universities, you can register for LNAT before you send your UCAS application.

You need to complete the LNAT in the same cycle as your application for university for it to be considered and it cannot be carried forward if you decide to defer your university entrance.

Universities will not consider your application before they receive your LNAT results, so it is probably in your best interests to take the LNAT as soon as possible – depending on your A-level or college workload.

Can I Choose When to Take the LNAT Test?

There are more than 500 Pearson VUE test centres worldwide and over 150 in the UK – so finding a slot at a test centre near you should not be a problem.

If you book early, you can choose any available day that has an appointment slot free. If you book towards the end of the booking period, you might not be able to choose.

You may find that your school or college can manage your booking for you, in which case they will decide when you attend your assessment.

If you need to cancel and reschedule your test, you can do so without penalty until 12 p.m. (noon) two days before your test date.

Cancellations without the required notice will not refund you – you will need to book a new slot and pay again.

You can only take the LNAT once per application cycle – if you take it a second time in the same year it is just a waste of time and money because your second result is void.

Practice LNAT Test with JobTestPrep

LNAT Format

The LNAT is a computer-based exam.

The LNAT exam is 2 hours and 15 minutes long, consisting of two sections.

Section A is multiple-choice and the only officially ‘scored’ section of the test.

Section B requires you to write an essay on one of three given subjects.

LNAT Section A: Multiple-Choice Test

Section A of the LNAT contains 42 multiple-choice questions based on 12 passages of text with three to four questions each.

These are verbal reasoning questions, which are looking for two main types of verbal skills – argument and analysis, and literary style.

Each passage will contain all the information needed to answer three or four questions and, as already mentioned, they are not designed to test your legal knowledge.

The questions and answers are not uniform in style or content and the answer is rarely obvious.

Although the test is timed, there is not too much pressure, thanks to the generous time limit of 95 minutes.

LNAT Argument and Analysis

In questions regarding argument and analysis, you need to look for the overall argument of the passage and decide the main reason that it was written.

Identifying the argument accurately helps with the analysis part of the answer, where you might be asked to analyse which proposition is correct or identify important parts of the argument.

LNAT Literary Style

Some of the passages will have multiple-choice questions relating to words and their interpretation.

You might be asked to choose a synonym for a given word or demonstrate your understanding of the word’s meaning.

Your vocabulary will be tested in this section, but the meanings of the words should be obvious given the context of the passage.

LNAT Section B: The Essay

In the second section, you will be expected to construct a compelling argument around one of three subjects.

There is no specific marking for this section (all the official marking is on the multiple-choice section), but this is an important chance to demonstrate you can write a coherent and interesting piece relating to the given subject.

There is a 40-minute time limit on this section, and you need to write 500–750 words.

Example Essay Titles:

  1. Are there any circumstances killing another human would be permissible?
  2. ‘Women have now achieved equality’. How do you respond to this statement?
  3. The prison system does not discourage crime. Respond to this statement.
  4. All education should be free. Do you agree or disagree?
  5. Is lying ever ok?

Prepare for the LNAT Test

LNAT Scoring

Your LNAT score is based on your answers to the multiple-choice section of the exam. Each question is worth one mark, and there is no negative marking, so your score will be out of 42.

Finding out what a 'good' score is can be difficult, as the average score has changed every year since the test was first used.

Additionally, each university has different values for their baseline score – for example, in 2017–18 the minimum score for University of Oxford entrants was 27, while the minimum score for the University of Glasgow was 22.

If you aim for the minimum for Oxford entry, you will more than likely be accepted at other universities – so 27 or above is a good target. There are no guarantees, however.

Although the essay has no formal scoring, it can be used in the applicants' favour if the official LNAT score from the first section is lower than desired.

When you have completed your LNAT exam, the scores will be made available for download to the universities that you have applied to – they will likely get access to your results before you do.

The universities use these scores alongside your UCAS application to decide if you would be suitable for the LLB course.

Scores are released by the LNAT administration team to test-takers in two batches – February and early August.

When you receive your score depends on when you take the test.

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How to Prepare for the LNAT Exam in 2024

Step 1. Know How the Exam Is Structured

The first step in becoming comfortable with the assessment is to make it familiar, and there are a few ways you can do this.

On the LNAT website, you can find an online practice test set up exactly like the exam you will take at a Pearson VUE test centre.

Step 2. Practice Tests

You will become used to answering the types of questions you will face in the exam by taking practice tests.

Although the LNAT administration says you do not need to complete any specific course to prepare, some practice in logical and verbal reasoning, as well as in structuring essays, will be useful.

You can find practice questions on the LNAT website, a whole bank of practice test questions on The Lawyer Portal or through JobTestPrep.

Step 3. Practice Critical Thinking

Reading and keeping up with current affairs will help you flex your critical thinking abilities – and it might help you answer the essay question better by absorbing more ways to write.

When you read an article, try to look at its arguments and assumptions, find fallacies and actively consider the language used.

You can even find critical thinking textbooks to give you some more practice if this is something that you want more experience with.

LNAT - Multiple-Choice Preparation Tips

Logical Inference

In the multiple-choice section, you need to accept that the passages are true (even if you know that they are really not).

The correct answers are derived by using logical inference – if this, then that. If the passage is true, then one of the answers is true.

This is a skill, and you can practice using logical inference and reasoning with practice questions here.

Read the Questions First

This might seem backward, but this is a timed test with long passages. Too much time spent reading will cut down on your time for answering the questions.

If you read the questions first, you can find keywords to help you with targeted reading. If you read the text with an idea of what the questions are looking for, you can save time reading and re-reading unnecessarily.


Although the answers are structured to seem like they could all be correct, there is only one answer that will get you the mark.

To find it, you should start by discounting any that are obviously incorrect. If you do that and are left with one answer, simple, mark it and move on.

However, you may be left with two answers that seem to be right. In this case, go with your gut and choose one – but flag it for review later if you have time.

Remember that there is no negative marking, so there is nothing to be gained by leaving an answer blank.

Watch for Assumptions

There are no 'trick questions' in the LNAT assessment, but the way the questions are written can make you assume something not said in the text.

For example, by placing two statements together, they might make you assume a connection where there is none. This assumption can be avoided by looking for bridging phrases like 'because' or 'as a result of'.

Do not fall into the trap of making an easy assumption based on the question – the answers are in the text, so if you cannot find it, it does not exist.

Move on From Hard Questions

Although each question is worth the same number of marks, some are more difficult than others.

You can come back to the questions and change your answer if you need to (within the multiple-choice section), so if you are struggling with a question, do what you can and move on to the next.

You do not want to risk missing out on easy points because you could not complete the test.

LNAT - Essay Preparation Tips

Choose What You Know

It is better to pick a topic you know more about over one you are intensely passionate about. Making a coherent, logical argument requires providing evidence then analysing it and you need knowledge on a subject to do this.


Write down all the arguments that support your cause as well as contrary ones. Pick three to four of the best ones to use in your essay.

Focusing on just a few allows you to flesh them out with examples and evidence rather than just creating a list of reasons with no foundation – just stating opinions or ideas is not a convincing way to argue.

Make sure each argument is connected to your main premise so that your reader can understand why the point you are making is valid and related.


A 40-minute time limit for 500–750 words is not too tight, so spend at least the first 15 minutes creating a plan to keep you on track.

Create a structure of what you want to say in each section.

Remember to use an introduction, where you will lay out the premise that you will be supporting.

Include definitions of more unusual terms.

In the first section, present your three to four arguments with supporting examples and analysis.

In the next section, list any arguments against your premise and counter them where you can.

Finish with a conclusion that pulls together all the main points that you want to cover.

Originality and Interest

Depending on the number of applicants, the university will have lots of essays to read – so you want to make sure that yours is interesting and original. The university recruitment team will appreciate being entertained.

Writing Style

Good grammar and spelling are important in the essay section of the LNAT. Keep sentences short so everything you write is easy to read and understand.

Try and avoid jargon or overly technical language – simplicity is key.

University recruiters have to read a lot of essays and want to easily understand the points you make.

Strong Introduction/Decisive Conclusion

Capture the imagination and interest of the reader with an intriguing introduction and make a final, clear emphasis of your argument in the conclusion.

These two sections of your essay could be considered the most important parts, so it is important to get these right. Look to provide clarity and interest in both.

LNAT - After the Test

Where Can I Find My Results?

Your results will be emailed to you, depending on when you took the test.

For tests taken before January, results are emailed in early February. For tests taken after January, results will be emailed in early August.

Unless you have taken the test later than allowed by the institution themselves, the time you receive your results will not impact your application because universities can access and download your results when they need them.

Can I Resit the LNAT?

You can sit the LNAT exam once in every cycle. If you are unhappy with your result, you can only pay for a new test in the following application cycle.

If you re-test within the same cycle the later result will be void.

Prepare for an LNAT Test

Frequently Asked Questions

Start preparing for the LNAT by:

  • Researching the test format and structure
  • Complete practice tests online without time limits until you feel comfortable enough to practice under timed conditions.
  • Improve your critical thinking by reading daily and keeping up with current affairs. When reading an article, look at its arguments and assumptions, find fallacies and actively consider the language used.

Depending on your goals and location, there are several online and in-person classes for the LNAT. Some include:

Here are some top tips for the LNAT essay:

  • Choose a topic you know as your understanding and enthusiasm will show more.
  • Brainstorm all your ideas, write them down, then choose three or four of the strongest.
  • Spend 10-15 minutes planning your essay, including an introduction and conclusion. Ensure you create a structure of what you want to say for each argument, including supporting examples and analysis.
  • Remember to use an introduction, where you will lay out the premise that you will be supporting.
  • Include definitions of more unusual terms.
  • List any arguments against your premise and counter them where you can.
  • Finish with a conclusion that pulls together all the main points you want to cover.

There is no set minimum score as each university decides its entry mark. It is also impossible to say a good score as the average changes almost every year.

However, if you aim for the Oxford minimum of 27 out of 42, you will put yourself in the top range for all other institutions.

There is no official score for the essay.

It is advised you take the LNAT as early in the academic year as possible. This ensures you have a full choice of venue and availability and gives you enough time to meet university deadlines.

The LNAT must be sat the year you apply for university.

The best websites for LNAT resources are:

Your current school will also have preparation and test resources available or be able to direct you to the best sources.

In previous years successful students scored around 29, with 2% scoring 34 or above.

As such, statistics show that you should be aiming for at least 30 when sitting your LNAT.

There are two sections on the LNAT.

The first is a 95 minute 42 multiple-choice exam. This exam consists of 12 argumentative passages with three or four questions each.

It is scored through a computer algorithm as there is only one correct answer for each question.

The second is a 40-minute essay. In this section, you will be presented with three subjects, and you need to choose the one you feel confident enough to argue either for or against.

Applications to law school are competitive, and the LNAT helps filter out those who may not succeed as lawyers.

The multiple-choice section is incredibly complex. While the essay isn't scored, it can make a big difference to your application.

Investing in LNAT tuition will help you become better prepared. It will help you learn:

  • To form and write coherent arguments
  • To identify keywords and phrases
  • How to find evidence and analysis for your argument

LNAT tuition also typically includes multiple practice tests and comprehensive study materials.

As the LNAT is designed to be difficult, having extra tutoring and someone to explain the process and best practices will only be an advantage.

The LNAT and BMAT are part of the application process for two different professions.

The LNAT is the Law National Aptitude Test. The BMAT is the Biomedical Admissions Exam.

In theory, if you can't decide if you want to work in law or biomedicine, it is possible to pass both tests.

To crack the LNAT on the first attempt, you will need to thoroughly prepare.

Ensure you have given yourself enough time to revise all the sections and have a study plan that includes the entire curriculum.

Investing in an LNAT tutor or preparation pack will also give you the resources to pass on your first attempt.

The UK universities that ask for the LNAT are:

  • University of Oxford
  • King's College London
  • LSE London School of Economics and Politics
  • UCL Faculty of Laws
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Bristol
  • Durham University
  • University of Nottingham
  • SOAS

The non-UK universities are:

  • SUSS Singapore University of Social Sciences – Singapore
  • IE School of Law – Spain

The LNAT is only compulsory for those universities that have it listed as part of the LLB admissions process.

There are currently nine UK universities that ask for the LNAT:

  • University of Oxford
  • King's College London
  • LSE London School of Economics and Politics
  • UCL Faculty of Laws
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Bristol
  • Durham University
  • University of Nottingham
  • SOAS

Both tests are admission exams for law school. However, the LNAT is the British version and is required to enter some UK-based universities. The LSAT is the American version and is only needed for admission to US-based universities.

The level of difficulty of the LNAT can vary from person to person. The test is designed to assess critical thinking and analytical skills, and while some may find it challenging, others may feel comfortable with the format and content through proper preparation and familiarity with legal reasoning.


The Law National Assessment Test is an aptitude exam assessing candidates' readiness to take part in an undergraduate law course at selected universities.

It is used in conjunction with a UCAS application and other qualifications like A-levels to determine whether a student will be a good candidate for LLB studies.

The test must be taken at a Pearson VUE test centre and can only be taken once per assessment cycle. It is not assessing a candidate’s knowledge of law or intelligence but does require logical thinking, inference and writing skills to complete properly.

Practising logical reasoning and keeping up to date on current affairs will help you perform at your best during your test.

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