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The CJBAT Test (2023 Guide)

The CJBAT Test (2023 Guide)

Updated March 18, 2023

By Nikki Dale
Nikki Dale

The Criminal Justice Basic Abilities Test (CJBAT) is an entry-level test taken by candidates looking for a career in law enforcement or corrections in Florida.

The test is administered by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FLDE). It is published by Pearson VUE in collaboration with IO Solutions.

The CJBAT is designed to measure the ‘minimum competencies’ that the FLDE has highlighted as the basic skills and personal characteristics needed to be successful in a law enforcement position.

If you apply for a position in law enforcement at entry level, you will need to take the CJBAT. The test results are valid for four years after taking the test, and it costs $39.

What Are the Sections of The CJBAT Exam

Section I: Behavioral Attributes

In this section, you will be presented with several questions designed to assess your behavioral attributes.

To be a successful member of law enforcement, your behavior, ethics and integrity are really important.

These questions are designed to demonstrate that you have what it takes in terms of your personal characteristics.

There are 47 questions that need to be answered in 20 minutes, so there isn’t much time to think about how you will answer – the best bet here is to be as honest and truthful as you can.

Section II: Memorization

Good memory skills are essential to a member of law enforcement, and this short section of the assessment is designed to see how well you can remember small details about an image in order to answer questions.

There are 10 images presented, and you will have one minute to study each image.

Once the time is up, you will be presented with a question based on the image that you will have about a minute and a half to answer.

The questions are simple enough, but you need to have paid attention to the picture to answer correctly.

Example Question

Where does it look like the above picture was taken?


a) In a city center
b) In a building
c) In a dense forest
d) In a rural location

Top Tips

In the memorization question, try and think about the details that make up the picture, as that is what you are likely to be asked.

You can practice memorization skills by looking at pictures for a minute and then noting down everything that you can remember about the image.

As with other parts of this assessment, the images are likely to be directly related to law enforcement and scenarios that are relevant to the daily work of the police, so look out for news articles that have pictures relating to law enforcement in particular.

Section III: Cognitive

This is the longest part of the assessment, and you will need to answer 40 questions within an hour.

These questions are assessing your cognitive skills, the natural aptitudes that you have in terms of understanding and writing information in text, as well as the way you reach a logical conclusion based on the information given.

None of these questions need previous knowledge or experience. The answers are given in the information before the questions.

Written Comprehension

In the written comprehension section you can expect to find a written description of an incident followed by a question with multiple-choice answers.

You are being assessed on your ability to quickly read, understand and analyze the information given as text and then applying that information to answer a question.

This is a necessary skill in law enforcement as you will be expected to be able to read and understand a number of different policies, statutes and procedures while on the job.

Example Question

On Friday 13th, Mrs. Adams was watching television in her front room when she heard a loud bang, followed by what sounded like broken glass falling. When she went into the kitchen, there was a large stone on the floor, and the window was broken. Shaken, she called the police who attended and did a quick search but couldn’t find anyone in the area.

What was the first thing that Mrs. Adams heard that was out of place?

a) Kids screaming outside
b) Someone knocking at the door
c) Broken glass
d) A loud bang

Top Tips

In this type of question, speed of reading and accuracy is really important.

You might want to read the question before looking at the scenario so you can scan the text to find the relevant information – this can be a good strategy for people who might read a little slower.

Before the test, you can practice your written comprehension by reading articles in a newspaper and looking for important details to highlight.

Written Expression

In the written expression section, you are being assessed on how well you can utilize spelling and grammar to create coherent information.

This is a skill that you will regularly use in law enforcement for things like writing reports.

The questions here are generally short and sweet, but you will need to be on top of your spelling and synonym knowledge to be most successful.

Example Question

Reports suggest that 31 poeple were involved in an altercation outside the bar.

Which word is spelled incorrectly?

a) Involved
b) Altercation
c) Poeple
d) Reports

You might also be asked questions about selecting the right word to complete a sentence, so it is a good idea to brush up on synonyms and antonyms as well.

Top Tips

Again, reading is the best way to prepare for this type of Question. Reading a wide range of fiction and non-fiction sources will introduce you to more unfamiliar words, which you can then check the meaning of later.

If you feel a bit rusty about grammar rules and spelling, it is a good idea to brush up on your skills beforehand so that you are more confident about the correct structure of a sentence. This will be useful when you are looking for the correct word to complete a sentence as they can sometimes include different tenses of verbs.

Deductive Reasoning

Deductive reasoning describes the skill of being able to take general information and apply it to a specific problem in order to find a logical conclusion.

This skill is used daily by law enforcement officers to ensure that the correct course of action is taken after an incident.

In these questions, you will be provided with some information about law enforcement policies and then given a situation where you will need to apply this knowledge to choose the right course of action.

The answers are multiple-choice, and no previous knowledge is needed as all the details are provided in the policy that you need to follow.

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Example Question

The Police Code of Conduct states that all officers should be in full uniform at all times when on duty, except in certain circumstances that require plain clothes. Full uniform includes all designations and equipment, including body worn video, all personal protective equipment, handcuffs, baton, and gun.

Officers who do not follow this requirement will face disciplinary procedures, which could culminate in being removed from the position.

An officer is on duty in uniform but has forgotten their personal protective equipment. What would the most serious punishment be?

a) Nothing as they are on a plainclothes operation
b) A report to a supervisor
c) Being removed from the position

Top Tips

Read the policies carefully as the answers you need will be in there – but beware that there is likely to be extra information that is not needed that you will have to ignore.

Make sure you know the details of the scenario you have been given so that you can choose the most appropriate answer.

What Is the CJBAT Test?
What Is the CJBAT Test?

Inductive Reasoning

In the inductive reasoning questions, you will be presented with data in the form of graphs or charts relating to crimes and reporting. The graphs might relate to the number of crimes reported in a particular area or time period, and you will need to try and spot trends.

There will be a question about the data, which will need you to combine the separate details to decide on the correct answer from the multiple-choice options.

Example Question

According to the graph, which crime is most prolific in the US?

Inductive Reasoning

a) Murder
b) Assault
c) Robbery
d) Car theft

What Is the Passing Score?

The passing score for the CJBAT is 70, and in addition, you must answer 30 out of 50 questions correctly on Section II and Section III.

Your results will be delivered as either pass or fail; if you pass, then the score is held on file for up to four years, and law enforcement agencies can use that as part of your application.

They will not know what you scored, however.

If you fail the CJBAT, you can retake it up to three times a year, and as part of your failing report, you will get a grade and some diagnostic information, including a bar graph demonstrating your performance in each section.

You can use this information to help you prepare better for next time.

How to Prepare for the Exam in March 2023

Step 1. Sit Past Papers/Practice Exams

There are many study guides available online that include practice questions, and it will be really beneficial for you to sit these as if they were the real thing.

Set a timer for the required time, remove all distractions, and take the exam – then you can look at your results and find any areas of weakness that you might need to work on.

Practice exams also help you to get used to the format of the assessment, how the questions are structured and the best way to answer the questions.

Step 2. Purchase Study Aids From iOS

There are study guides, aids and other preparation materials available from IOS, the partners of Pearson VUE.

There is a small cost for these, but the benefits are immeasurable if you want to get the best results in the assessment.

Step 3. Do Not Neglect Sections You Find Difficult

Although it might be tempting to just concentrate on the questions that you find easier, it is not beneficial in the long run.

It is perfectly normal to have a section or question type that you find easy. In the same way, it is normal to have a section that you might find more challenging.

Try to split your focus so that you can spend a bit more time on the tougher questions by answering the easier ones faster.

Step 4. Assess Your Strengths and Weaknesses

Through practice questions and an honest assessment, you should be aware of your strengths and weaknesses – this information should be used to help you prepare and practice before the assessment.

For example, if you know that spelling is not your strength, work on learning the correct way to spell common words that might come up.

Revision of your weakest areas could be the difference between a fail and a pass, so it is worth it in the long run.

Step 5. Learn the Formats of the Questions

One of the toughest aspects of any test is not necessarily the content of the questions but the structure and layout of the assessment.

Recognizing the format of each type of question will help you focus on the best way to answer and make you feel more confident and comfortable on the day.

Step 6. Practice Against the Clock

This test is timed. While 90 minutes might seem like a long time, in practice, it will soon pass, so be prepared for that by making sure you are working against the clock in your practice.

Remember that each section is timed slightly differently:

  • Section I is 20 minutes
  • Section II is one minute per image plus 90 secs for the question
  • Section III is one hour

Step 7. Find a Strategy That Works for You

There are many different ways you could approach the questions on the CJBAT, and you can maximize your chances of success by finding the best strategy to suit you.

The benefit of multiple-choice answers is that you can use the process of elimination to rule out answers that are definitely wrong, making it easier to find the correct solution.

This technique can be faster for some people and helps candidates to focus – as long as you understand the question.

If you find a question particularly difficult, move on and come back to it later if you have time.

Wasting precious moments on a tough question could mean that you are not able to answer some easier questions later on in the test, and you could miss out on correct answers.

If you do not have time, make an educated guess and move on.

Final Thoughts

As a standardized, entry-level assessment, the CJBAT makes it easy for the FLDE to choose candidates for law enforcement training who possess the minimum competencies required for the job.

The test is non-biased and gives everyone the same opportunity for success while ensuring that the right questions are asked based on the skills and characteristics of a successful candidate.

The assessment is designed to be tough but not impossible, and with the right practice, preparation and mindset, it can become even more straightforward for candidates who wish to join law enforcement or corrections.